Ranch Hands
Mon Oct 27, 2014 01:03 PM CDT
(Page 1 of 2)
On the trail with Bitter Creek Outfitters, Billings, Mont. Theresa Kuhlman, far right, opened the business operating on her father's 7,000-acre ranch. Her father, Steve Kuhlman (not shown), runs a cow-calf operation on the same land. (Progressive Farmer photo by Deborah R. Huso)

The first thing I notice about Steve Kuhlman when he is adjusting my stirrups on a Paint known as "Scout" is his accent. It's slightly laced with the brogue I grew up hearing among my Scandinavian grandparents in Minnesota. When I tell him this, he gives me a crooked grin, adjusts his cowboy hat and says, "Well, I lived in Minnesota, but I've been here since I was 13. I can't imagine I have an accent anymore."

He is standing in dusty cowboy boots in a corral, checking the saddles of patrons who have come to his 7,000-acre ranch. Kuhlman may own the ranch (which was started by his Irish immigrant uncle in the 1940s), but he doesn't own this business -- Bitter Creek Outfitters, as it is called in honor of a stream that wends its way through the property.


It is Steve's daughter Theresa who started the trail-riding component of the ranch. She was intent on finding a way to come back home to the Yellowstone River Valley she loves, where the Pryor and Beartooth Mountains stand solemnly in the distance. This land of rim rocks and scrubby Ponderosa pines borders the Crow Indian Reservation.

Kuhlman earns his living from the ranch. He has run the cow/calf operation with about 230 head since 1987, when he sold his construction business to ranch full time. He says he often considered adding a tourism component to the ranch. "I always thought it could be a good thing because of our proximity to town," he says. "But it was Theresa who finally did it. We turned her loose."

Theresa is one of Kuhlman's five children. After graduating from Montana State University and working four years at a fishing lodge, she began to toy with the idea of starting her own outfitting operation.


"I knew people with outfitting companies who do guided hunting on their ranches," she explains. "I saw how successful these businesses were."

At the age of 28, Theresa came home and pitched the idea to her parents. "We had the horses already," she says. "It was a matter of doing that initial marketing."

Theresa started small, working with the local chamber of commerce to print brochures for her new business and distributing them around Billings. One of her brothers developed a website for the business (

"That first year was pretty meager," Theresa admits. But she got a lucky break when the Travel Channel came to Billings to feature the Dude Rancher Lodge in one of its "Hotel Impossible" episodes. The producers got wind of Bitter Creek Outfitters and filmed a trail ride.

After the show aired, Theresa says her tourist traffic doubled. It has steadily increased ever since. Theresa relies on the Internet for most of her marketing, with generating the most business.

Her primary trail-riding season runs from June through September. She will run trail rides through October if cold and snow don't interfere.

In the busiest season, Theresa runs two to three two-hour rides a day with up to six riders at a time, charging $60 per person.


Theresa brings in enough income from Bitter Creek Outfitters to live off the business full time for about half the year. She works the rest of the year for a realtor in Billings, Mont.

Her biggest business expense isn't horse care. It's insurance. But she has benefited from an "outfitter's" package that even covers liability for a bunkhouse she rents out on the ranch.

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