Fundamentally Speaking
Joel Karlin DTN Contributing Analyst

Tuesday 03/04/14

Ukraine Wheat & Corn Poduction, Exports

For corn and wheat, February 2014 was quite kind as the spot contracts of each tacked on about 45 cents last month.

Decent export demand for both along with keen ethanol and feed usage for corn has lowered 2013-14 ending stocks to levels much tighter than what the trade had anticipated just a few months ago.

Strong price action has continued into March supported by turmoil in Ukraine with Russia exerting control of eastern sections of that country and the Crimea.

Prices of both are escalating on fears of the potential impact to Ukrainian wheat and corn exports and upcoming production.

The accompanying graphic tries to quantify their impact on the world coarse grain and wheat markets.

This country has long been known as one of the great breadbaskets of the world as large tracts of arable land along with their warm water ports has made the Ukraine one of the world’ largest suppliers of feed grains and wheat.

Their production and exports suffered in the aftermath of the late 1980’s breakup of the Former Soviet Union but both have bounced back sharply.

Consider than in 2007, Ukraine accounted for a mere 1.1% of global corn and wheat exports vs. 16.2% today for corn and 6.3% for wheat.

This weekend's move by Russia to secure the Crimea and sections of eastern Ukraine have roiled both the financial and commodity markets and drawn the ire of most Western governments as the revival of Cold War dynamics becomes a distinct possibility.

Seasoned observers suggest that neither Russia nor Ukraine desire any slowdown in grain exports needed for hard currency.

Reports suggest port traffic is flowing freely in the main Ukraine facilities and some early spring seeding work is now underway though no doubt the situation remains quite fluid.


Posted at 8:43AM CST 03/04/14
Comments (2)
Corn there would be non-gmo?
Posted by Kevin Brockwell at 5:28AM CST 03/05/14
The potential increase of US corn exports for the 2014-15 marketing year will depend on the level of production of our major competitors: Argentina, Brazil and Ukraine. These three countries have had an average rolling production increase of 7.6% for the last ten years. Problems within Ukraine will not guarantee an increase in exports for the US unless production in the South American countries comes off their trend line pace. USDA is projecting a 2.7% production decline for the three countries when comparing 2012-13 with 2013-14. Should that decline carry into 2014-15, the US has a chance to export 2.3 billion bushels of corn. Our model indicates at the mid-point of 2014-15 trend production, for the three countries, we would export 1.4 billion bushels. The World's corn economics is changing - US corn exports could move higher. Freeport, IL
Posted by Freeport IL at 4:41PM CST 03/07/14
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